Mega-Chad Association | Gallery of Illustration FrançaisEnglish» Visit our Blog! Mega Chad Home Network What is Mega Chad? Map of region Contact & mailing list Conferences Publications Bulletins 1986-2010 Books Reviews Bibliographic references Films Miscellaneous Showcase Photos Illustrations Maps Links regional others Contact Menu What is Mega Chad? Conferences Publications Bulletins 1986-2010 Books Reviews Bibliographic references Films Miscellaneous Showcase Photos Illustrations Maps Links regional others Contact & mailing list Historical illustrations of the Mega-Chad area Drawn by J M Benartz, from Sketches of Dr Barth.M & N Hanhart, lith et Impt.In: Heinrich Barth, Travels and Discoveries in North and Central Africa, 1857 The Dendal (main avenue) in Kukuwa April 1851Kukawa, near lake Chad, was a central point for many 19th century explorers of the southern Mega-Chad region. Shores of the 'Tsad' April 26th 1851Overweg, one of the expedition members, became the first known European explorer to navigate lake Chad. Mbutudi June 18th 1851Barth travels down the western side of the Mandara mountains and passes through Mbutudi, on his way to Yola. Muglebu July 7th 1851After Mbutudi, Barth reaches Muglebu, in Adamawa, with the mountain range in the background. Encampment at Waza January 22nd 1853Barth mentions sketching mount Waza (Vol III:256). Mas-Ena July 4th 1852The Sultan of Bagirmi returns from an expedition. Musgu Chief December 1851Barth describes Musgu architecture in great detail. Confluence of Benue and Faro June 18th 1851Heinrich Barth is the discoverer of the Benue river. Its confluence with the Faro forms the south of the Mega-Chad region. Frontispiece by Ferdinand Moras The four portraits show the main expedition members, Richardson (top left), Overweg (top right), Barth (bottom left) and Vogel (bottom right). Barth was the only survivor of these four explorers. Ferdinand Moras In: August Petermann, 1854. An account of the progress of the Expedition to Central Africa. Ferdinand Moras was a lithographer from Wuppertal (Germany) who might have met Petermann in London. Moras later moved to Philadelphia (USA) where he became quite famous. Petermann had received letters from Barth's expedition, which he used in his royal folio. Petermann was mainly interested in the expedition's cartographical information which resulted in a first detailed map, also depicting the Mega-Chad region. Moras' lithograph shows a map in the centre framed by geographically informed illustrations of the main stations of the expedition. The illustration on the bottom represents lake Chad.